Students all have different aims so a good place to start is by talking to your student to find out what their needs are, what they want to learn and what their current level is. If they’re a school student, they may have school work to go through. If you’re teaching an adult, talk about their specific aims and their interests.
It can feel overwhelming at start, so using a curriculum as a guide can be a good place to start. However, don't feel like you need to stick to it - be prepared to adapt to what you find works best for you and your student. The Education and Training Foundation has produced curricula for each level of English (Entry 1, Entry 2, Entry 3, Level 1, Level 2) which you can access here:
For more advice, example lesson plans and links to helpful external resources, download our resource pack. It also includes specific guidance for preparing students for exams and teaching beginners.